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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

Brakmn, of Bliadra-ban ; Serhu, Br&faman, of Tenti-ka-ganw, and Lala Earn,
Baniya, of Jawara. Of non-residents, Rao Abdullah Khan, of Salfm-pur in
Aligarh, a coimection of the Sa'dabad family, lias estates about Khanwal and
KarahrL on which the annual Government demand is about Rs. 2,000; the
Baja of llarsaa enjoys a royalty of Rs. 1,061 from the Dunetiya circle ; and
Lalas MaM Lai and J&naki Prasad own the two large villages of Arna and
After the matiny, as many as eighteen villages (eleven, in -whole and seven
in part), belonging to the rebel leader Umrao Bahadur of Nanak-pur, were
confiscated, and all the proprletory rights conferred on Seth Lakhrni Chand
rent-free for the term of his natural life. On his death, the grant was further
extended to Ms son, Seth Raghunath Das, on payment of the half jama; but
the muafi estate (being about Rs. 8,000 a year), which alone he retains in his
own hands, it may be presumed, will lapse entirely on the termination of the
second life. The zamindari was transferred to his uncle, the late Seth G-obind
Das, C.S.I, and by him constituted part of the endowment of the temple of
DwarakadMs at Mathura. The original proprietor was a member of a family
that had always been in opposition to the British Government, and died fight-
ing against us at Delhi, Their principal seat was at Kumona in Bulandshahr,
•where, in 18Q7? Dunde Khan, with his eldest son, Ran-mast Khan, who is said
to have been possessed of perfectly marvellous and Herculean strength, held the
fort for three months, though the garrison consisted of a mere handful of men.
After the surrender, a pension of Rs. 6,000 a year was settled upon Ran-mast
EMn, which his widow enjoyed till her death, an event which took place a few
years ago ; but the father's whole estate was declared forfeit and bestowed
upon Mardan Ali Khan of Chatari, a scion of the same stock. Umrao Bahadur
was the child by Adoption of Dunde Khan's second son, Nawab Ashraf Khan
of Nanak-pnr, and, as above mentioned, was killed in the rebel army before
Delhi. With him fell his youngest brother, Mazhar Ali Khan, who left a
son by name Rahim Khan, who is now either dead or at the Andamans ;
the sole surviving representative of the family being a son of Umrao Baha-
dur's—Amir Bahadur-—who was too young to be engaged in the rebellion
with his father.
To the soutti of the pargana the predominant class are GauruaThakurs; while
in the north the agricultural community are almost exclusively Jats, mainly
of the Nohwar sub-division. The principal winter crops are jodr, bdjra, maize
and cotton, the latter occupying some 13,000 acres, while til, arhar, and hemp
we also grown, hut ordmarily in the same field with jour.   In the hot weather